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41 Hippokratous Street, GR-10680 Athens, Greece
+30 210 360 2827
Diploma. Studies include performance (classical, jazz, contemporary, early music, traditional music), composition, harmony and counterpoint, film scoring, Byzantine music, music technology, pedagogy.
The Conservatory forms part of the ‘Filippos Nakas’ Music House founded in 1989. It organizes music classes for pre-school children, edits music and organises concerts, festivals, master classes, workshops and national and international competitions. Studies include classes in keyboard, guitar, bouzouki programs for adults, a junior strings program and an Orff Schulwerk program organized in conjunction with the Yamaha Music Foundation. The Conservatory’s classical music program is officially recognized by the Greek Ministry of Culture. Jazz, contemporary music and film scoring programs at the Conservatory are accredited by the Berklee College of Music in Boston, USA, allowing student graduates to continue studies in Boston for a further four semesters to obtain the Berklee Bachelor of Music degree. There is also an exchange program with the Berklee College, whereby their students may study in Athens for one semester. The Conservatory has eleven branches throughout the country, seven in the Athens area, at Aigaleo, Glyfada, Kifissia, Melissia, N.Smimi, Ag. Paraskevi and Piraeus, and four in the regional cities of Thessaloniki, Patra, Ioannina and Corfu.
MUSIC IN SCHOOLS AND THE COMMUNITY. Music is officially an obligatory subject for all students in the six-year Greek primary and the three-year lower secondary schools (Grades 1 to 9). Music is taught in primary schools for one 45-minute period per week in grades three to six, while grades one and two get two 45-minute periods per week. Music is taught in primary schools by music specialists, except when there are no music teachers in some schools it is taught by the general classroom teacher. Secondary schools also have one 45-minute period of music per week, taught by music specialists. In most primary and secondary schools there are choirs and instrumental ensembles. The new Greek national curriculum for music, as part of the Cross Thematic Curriculum Framework for Compulsory Education [Diathematiko Programma] was originally introduced by the Greek Pedagogical Institute and the Ministry of Education in 2001, and has undergone some minor revisions/updates since then (http://www.pi-schools.gr/download/programs/depps/english/13th.pdf). It is based around performing, composing, evaluating, listening and applied musical knowledge. Based on this new curriculum new teaching materials have been produced for all grades 1 to 9. There are teacher books, student books and workbooks, CD audios and CDRoms. The student books are distributed free of charge to all public school students. There is also additional electronic material at the website of the Digital School at http://digitalschool.minedu.gov.gr/ For a long period of time Greek traditional music was taught orally within family life and community gatherings with the help of self-taught musicians in local societies. The first systematic introduction of Greek traditional music in the official education system occurred in 1988 with the formation of a special type of public secondary school known as Music School that enabled new initiatives in music education in Greece. Most importantly the teaching of traditional music, including Byzantine music, was officially introduced in secondary education. Throughout Greece today there are 42 special music schools catering for school students from Grades 7 to 12. The curriculum of the Music Schools, in addition to the general subjects taught in all secondary schools, includes performance on Western and Greek traditional instruments, theory, harmony, music history, solfège, counterpoint and Byzantine music, as well as the study of traditional repertoire. Except for theoretical subjects that are taught in groups, each student attends individual lessons on three instruments. These consist of one elective and two obligatory instruments, the latter being piano (as a reference instrument for Western music) and tambouras (as a reference instrument for traditional Greek music. The elective instrument can be either traditional or Western – guitar, oud, violin, kanonaki, accordion, saxophone, clarinet, traditional or Western percussion and the like. Additionally there are many music and art ensembles, including Western and traditional vocal and instrumental ensembles. In many towns in Greece there are small wind and percussion orchestras known as ‘banda’ that offer instrumental lessons free of charge. There are also many community choirs, both amateur and professional. In country areas the older generation continues to teach traditional songs and dances and the playing of individual traditional instruments. TERTIARY LEVEL MUSIC STUDIES. • Universities. Universities are government-supported with the Ministry of Education and Religious Affairs being responsible for tertiary level music studies (www.ypepth.gr/en_ec_home.html) .The government-supported Aristotle University, the University of Macedonia (both in Thessaloniki), the University of Athens and the University of Corfu have the only university music schools in Greece. All studies are free of charge. Entry is after completion of final general education examinations and tests in harmony and aural perception. Studies last for five years except at the University of Macedonia, where they last for four years. Currently the only university music departments that offer performance instruction are those of the University of Macedonia and the University of Corfu. • Music education programs. Music specialist teachers for general primary and secondary public schools are educated at the music studies departments of universities. Performance specialist teachers for the special music schools are trained in some university departments and in some of the Technological Education Institutes. After completing the course at a university department of music, primary and secondary school music teachers then have to pass examinations run by the state in order to be hired. They are also expected to attend and teach music in primary and/or secondary schools as part of their training. General teachers for kindergarten and primary schools are trained in the departments of education at the universities and have music as an obligatory course for two semesters as part of Aesthetic Education (depending on the program of each institution). Music may also be taken as a specialisation. For teachers that are training for Early Childhood Schools (ages 3-5), in most cases music is an obligatory course for two semesters as well as two semesters of music and movement education. This training takes place in the public domain in the Department for Early Childhood Care & Education at the Technological Educational Institutes (in the Department for Early Childhood Teaching) and also in the private domain in respective schools. CONSERVATORIES. Universities, Technological Education Institutes and schools apart, most music education is catered for by a large number of music institutions (state, municipal and mainly private conservatories), under the supervision and control of the cultural sector of the Hellenic Ministry of Education and Religious Affairs, Culture and Sports Ministry of Culture (www.yppo.gr/0/index.jsp). There are more than 700 such institutions all over the country and the total number of students is estimated at 80,000. The only fully state-supported conservatory is the Kratikon Odeon in Thessaloniki, though the Odeon Athenon in Athens receives some government assistance. There are 47 municipal conservatories throughout the country. All others are private. All conservatories offer specialised education in both performance and theoretical studies. In the following Directory entry lists only the largest conservatoires that present an integrated program of studies have been included. In some cases there are many branches in different cities, but only the central institution is included. PROFESSIONAL MUSIC STUDENTS. These students may specialise in any of performance (piano, organ, voice, orchestral instruments, traditional Greek instruments, electronic keyboards, electric guitars), composition, theory, music history, conducting (choir, orchestra, opera), religious music. Depending on the specialisation, studies may include ensemble, music history, form and analysis, harmony, counterpoint and fugue, orchestration, aesthetics, solfège, aural training, sight reading, organology, transcription, diction, rhythmic movement, dance, pedagogy of the instrument, hymnology, liturgy, history of religious (Byzantine) music. Training for chanters of the Greek Orthodox church is sometimes offered. Completion of the program results in the award of diplomas which are available at two levels: • Lower level - ‘Ptihion’. This less demanding performance program qualifies the holder to teach the instrument, though it is not specifically oriented to pedagogy training. • Upper level - ‘Diploma’, awarded to outstanding performers. Both diplomas give access to professional music positions, though they are not officially recognized as being of tertiary level. At the present time for more advanced studies in performance students either try to enter the university music departments or the technological education institutes that focus on performance, or may apply to continue their training abroad. PRIVATE SCHOOLS FOR BYZANTINE AND/OR TRADITIONAL MUSIC STUDIES. Some centres of Byzantine psalm studies are found in the Archbishop cathedrals as well as in private schools of Byzantine music. Some of the latter offer traditional music studies. OTHER PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS. There are some hundreds of private music schools throughout the country where instrumental teaching takes place. Some offer seminars and courses in particular music teaching approaches such as Orff Schulwerk (Moraitis School) and the Kodály method (Kodály Conservatory). •Institute for Research on Music and Acoustics (IEMA) is a non-profit, non-government organization for the development and support or research in the field of music and acoustics. It supports and promotes contemporary music creation and provides systematic information, documentation and education in these areas. It was founded in 1989 and has since developed a cooperative relationship with the Greek ministries of Culture, Education and Research. The Institute has issued publications and recordings, has developed Greek music archives and organizes seminars and workshop in music education. 105 Adrianou St, 105 58 Athens, Greece. Tel +30 210 331 0129 Fax +30 210 331 0497 Email: email@example.com Website: www.iema.gr/ The Institute is a member of the International Association of Music Information Centres. INFORMATION ABOUT MUSIC AND MUSIC EDUCATION IN GREECE. • Greek Society for Music Education (GSME) (Elliniki Enosi Gia Ti Mousiki Ekpaidefsi) Ermou str. 7, 54625, Thessaloniki. Website: www.eeme.gr/en/. The Society was founded in March 1997. It is a non-profit organisation, with the main purpose of promoting music education in Greece and of developing music education as a field of scientific study. It organises seminars and lectures on various areas of music education and holds a Pan-Hellenic/International conference every two years. GSME is an affiliated national organisation of the International Society for Music Education whose basic principles, function and goals it shares. It publishes the quarterly newsletter The News of GSME, the annual journal Music Education (with practical teaching ideas and lesson plans) under the supervision of its Editorial Board, and the annual refereed scientific journal Musical Pedagogics, under the supervision of a Chief Editor and a Scientific Committee. The newsletter and both journals are freely distributed to the GSME members and include English abstracts of the articles. GSME has formed working groups and committees in the areas of pre-school and primary music education, secondary music education, the pedagogy of piano and wind instrument teaching, teaching of traditional instruments and music therapy. At its headquarters there is a library with music education materials (books, journals, videotapes, CDs and CDRoms and the like). GSME organized the 30th ISME World Conference on Music Education in 2012, held at the Thessaloniki Concert Hall. • The Athens Concert Hall Organisation (Organismos Megarou Mousikis Athinon) at Odos Vassilissis Sofias 1 and Odos Kokkali, Athens 11521, Greece. It co-ordinates musical and artistic activities in the city of Athens and provides information about cultural events throughout Greece. The Athens Concert Hall (Website: www.megaron.gr) houses the symphony orchestra, theatre, ballet and opera and organises performances of Greek tragedy. It is also used as a conference centre. The organisation aims to present cultural events and to attract and familiarise young people with music and the arts in general. In this context it also organises educational music programs for school students. • The Music Library of Greece Lilian Voudouri, at Odos Vas Sofias 1 and Odos Kokkali, Athens 11521, Greece. Its website: www.mmb.org.gr/ contains a large number of music books, scores and recordings. The library was created by the Friends of Music Society to meet the needs of all Greek music lovers. The collections of the library focus on the areas of Western music, Greek art music from antiquity and the Byzantine period to the present, Greek folk music (including the rebetika), traditional music from all parts of the world and jazz. • The Society for the Dissemination of National Music at Odos Ersis Poulcherias 9, Lofos Strefi, Athens 11473, Greece, was founded in 1929 by Simon Karas with for the purpose of researching, studying, recording and preserving Greek Church music, traditional music and folk music. It ran free evening courses in theory and practice of Byzantine and Greek folk music. Other activities included publications relating to Greek music, and the dissemination of recordings and cassettes of work done in the institution. In 2009 this was transformed into the Center for Research and Promotion of National Greek Music ‘Simon Karas’, expanding its research and educational activities. Website: www.simonkaras.com. • THE THESSALONIKI CONCERT HALL ORGANISATION (Organismos Megarou Mousikis Thessalonikis) at Odos Martiou 25 and Paralia, Thessaloniki 54646, Greece, co-ordinates musical and artistic activities in the city of Thessaloniki. The Organisation, founded in February 1993, is a public foundation which operates and manages the Thessaloniki Concert Hall. Its website is www.tch.gr/. The Concert Hall is a convention and cultural centre that houses the Thessaloniki State Symphony Orchestra, theatre, ballet and opera performances. It aims to present cultural events and to attract and familiarise young people with music and the arts in general. In this context it also organises educational music programs for school students. • THE INSTITUTE FOR RESEARCH ON MUSIC AND ACOUSTICS (IEMA) has a Music Portal and Musical Information Centre (currently in Greek). A document listing the music holdings of institutions in Greece may be found at http://www.eeme.gr/images/stories/documents/dkoniari/Bazmadelis_2017_DirE_book.pdf INFORMATION SUPPLIED BY POLYVIOS ANDROUTSOS.