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CITY OF BUENOS AIRES
Tucumán 1699, CP 1050 Buenos Aires, Argentina
+54 11 4811 8519
Licenciatura en Musicoterapía. Four years. Studies include performance, introduction to Orff Schulwerk, Kodály method, Dalcroze, ethnomusicology, organology, music and related arts, music therapy.
This Jesuit Catholic university was granted its current name and status in 1959. It offers a full program of training in music therapy, the first to do so in Latin America.
MUSIC FOR SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN. Music training for the young in Argentina is available both from private teachers (generally piano, guitar and singing) and from a system of government-supported conservatories in each of the main cities. Music is a required subject for children in primary schools, so wherever there is a music teacher, all students take music lessons. At secondary level, those students attending schools leading to the Bachiller (at age 17) are required to take music for the first three years. There is also a network of about 200 children-and-youth orchestras and choruses supported by the Ministry of Education in state schools throughout the country, where children can learn singing or to play an orchestral instrument. These programs are taken after class hours on a voluntary participation basis. CONSERVATORIES. Conservatory tuition runs parallel to general schooling and may begin from about age eight. Two types of Conservatorios exist in Argentina: • Conservatorio Provincial. Most provinces have their own conservatorio with several being in the extensive Province of Buenos Aires. • Conservatorio Municipal. Many of the larger cities support such conservatorios. Apart from the prestigious Conservatorio Superior de Música ‘Manuel de Falla’ in Buenos Aires, these have not been included in the Directory. Conservatories offer the title ‘Profesor’, a post-secondary qualification, but not at university level. The title ‘Profesor’ allows people to teach at a conservatory, but not at a university. Neither is it a qualification to begin a Master or Doctoral program. For this reason, some conservatories have offered up-grade courses to people with the title ‘Profesor’ to enable them to obtain the ‘Licenciado’ qualification and so to teach at university level or to proceed to higher degrees at a university. State support for conservatories consists in paying salaries and providing buildings and general services. Instruments, books, scores, technical equipment, furniture, stationery and maintenance are provided usually by co-operative associations of parents. Although studies are free, the students that can afford it pay a small amount for supporting the association. Tuition in conservatorios is divided into cycles: • Basic Cycle (Ciclo Basico): Normally four years, beginning from about age eight, and roughly corresponding to the upper levels of the elementary school. Music studies usually include performance on an instrument, solfège, choral singing, functional keyboard and theory. Some conservatorios have introductory programs for very young children prior to the commencement of the ciclo basico. These are known by the name of ‘Curso Elemental de Iniciación Musical’, and may last for up to four years. • Upper Cycle (Ciclo Superior): Normally of six years, divided into two three-year sections: a) years 1 to 3 (primer ciclo superior) with the main emphasis on either instrumental performance or on music education. Studies involve performance, music history (including Argentinian folklore) and harmony, and for the music education emphasis, pedagogy, methodology and supervised teaching practice. The certificate of Profesor Nacional de [Instrument] with the area of specialisation is awarded at the conclusion of this stage, entitling the holder to teach music at primary or secondary schools (either class music or instrumental teaching). Normally students may specialise in performance (piano, orchestral instruments, voice), composition or music education. b) years 4 to 6 (segundo ciclo superior). Completion of this stage grants a student the certificate of Profesor Superior de [Instrument], entitling the holder to teach at a school or at a conservatorio. The course covers similar areas to that of the three earlier years, but at a higher level. Although conservatories are usually oriented to classical music, some of them focus on popular music: jazz and Argentinian folklore and tango. A number of private institutes, conservatorios and teachers’ colleges also provide extensive music courses. UNIVERSITIES. By law the entry to music courses in state universities (where the studies are free of charge) only requires completion of year 12 of secondary schooling. This means that a student may legally enter a university course in music even without having any previous music training. However, students applying for entrance to university music courses usually have some previous knowledge of music. Some universities run a preparatory course (one to three years) for those needing to improve their abilities. University courses generally last for five or six years, and lead to the title Licenciado (for a student gaining the Licenciatura in a specialised area: performance, orchestral conducting, composition or musicology). The two-tier undergraduate/post-graduate system of many English-speaking countries does not exist in Argentina, though some universities have developed Master and Doctoral programs. Some private universities also offer similar music courses. Established in 2011 there is a virtual website linking all the national higher training institutions in Argentina.